A leading agrochemicals, seeds and farm equipment’s company in Africa. Abstract. More than 125 species of plants, including cucurbits, tomatoes, and many other vegetables, have been recorded as hosts of the melon fly. 0 These eggs hatch into larvae, or maggots, which tunnel through the flesh of the fruit or other plant part. Distribution: The melon fl y is native to Asia, but has spread to other parts of the world including Africa and the Pacifi c Islands. The female lays eggs under the skin of the fruit of the host plant. ֘ A combination of b oth visual and olfactory stimuli was needed to elicit high levels of response compared to each stimulus offered alone. 㛫��`����#��"��F/��k����:sC�Na���"���ܸ��f���������rx�n�UT�{:p�J�O���W��9�Ҙ"�^hGڠ|O����)6T�,FEq$d��[email protected]��ڍt�����-�"����lI�E�,J��P�j?�"�����jZ#>�L۱/"5����D��lU�CF�w��(���s�A� endstream endobj 744 0 obj <>stream Hosts: Breeding hosts include major cucurbit crops such as cucumber, melons, squash, pumpkin and many types of gourds. Larvae go through three instars feeding for about 4-7 days. This is a sticker, spreader and a penetrant and helps in improving the efficacy of the product. These include the following; This insect pest is distributed all over the world, in temperate, tropical and subtropical regions. These include the following; Watermelon; Cucumbers Host & Distribution. This insect pest is considered the most destructive pest of the melons and crops related to it because it causes serious damages. Oriental fruit fly, Dacus dorsalis Hendel, and melon fly, Dacus cucurbiatae Coquillett, population dynamics from 1987 to 1989 were determined from fruit collections and male trap captures in an agricultural area. Use plant protection products safely. As they become mature, they drop off the plant and burrow into the soil in order to pupate. The maggots (larvae) are creamy-white, legless and attain a length of 10 mm. We discuss our results in relation to the potential implementation of improved female monitoring and/or attract-and-kill strategies for melon flies in Hawaii. As part of an effort to develop a worldwide database on the status of fruits as hosts of melon fly, the infestation data gathered from host fruits collected in this eradication program, before the initiation of suppression activities, are summarized here. Other methods which can be used to manage this pest include; [ Placeholder content for popup link ] A female melon fly usually lays eggs under the skin of host fruit; however, in its favored hosts in the family Cucurbitaceae, eggs may also be laid into flowers, stems, and exposed roots. Bactrocera cucurbitae infestation was documented in 24 plant taxa of four plant families (Caricaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Moraceae, and Solanaceae), with the following four new hosts identified: Ficus erecta Thunb., F. pumila L. (Moraceae), Solanum erianthum D. Don (Solanaceae), and Zehneria liukiuensis Jeffrey ex Walker (Cucurbitaceae). Introduction. H��W[o�J~���0� 9kv�,U���i{�H=�ߪ>�H|`IN���Lc �ENp������.?�&ߦk>,?��w�~-W���r�tȖ?���LM^�����п�e�&�?~���Wp�:? The cycle is continuous. ����A4���ң��3oAlW�`�w�p����A��ðu�@O����ĽXU����{0� 0e �? 1. The chemicals used for melon fly control have been used as 1) toxicants in baits applied to refugia of the fruit flies and 2) sprays applied to the crop. Melon flies were first introduced to the United States via Hawaii in 1895. the sterile and wild melon flies using monitoring traps baited with toxic cue-lure on Miyake Islands in August 1985. Hosts (Back to Top) More than 125 species of plants, including cucurbits, tomatoes, and many other vegetables, have been recorded as hosts of the melon fly. Its abundance increases when the temperature fall below 32 degrees centigrade and the relative humidity ranges between 60-70%. Grant T. Mcquate , … Although bait spray applications for suppression … The following insecticides are effective in eradicating melon flies; Always mix the insecticide with INTEGRA 3ml/20l. Preferred hosts include cantaloupe, cowpea, cucumber, gourd, pumpkin, squash, string bean, tomato and watermelon. MELON FLY Identifiable Traits: Black spot at wing tips Black streak on wings Common at sea level to 1500-foot elevations Hosts Cucumber Gourds Guava Eggplant Melon Papaya Pepper Pumpkin Squash Tomato Melon Fly Behavior Melon fly adults spend considerable time on favored wild hosts and certain crop plants in and outside of crop fields. Many California crops would be threatened by the introduction of this pest including peaches, oranges, beans, tomatoes, and most plants in the cucumber family. Preferred hosts include: cantaloupe, cowpea, cucumber, gourd, pumpkin, squash, string bean, tomato and watermelon. Infested flowers, stems or roots also become distorted and wilt in severe cases. Pest Hotline: 1-800-491-1899. Young attacked fruits become distorted and eventually fall off while the mature fruits develop a water soaked appearance. The larval stage is the most destructive to the crop. The melon fly is commonly found in low areas in commercial and backyard vegetable gardens. Introduction �p�T���l��z�'�p�� hosts of melon fly in Hawaii. hosts representing 63 plant families), and melon fly (136 hosts representing 30 plant families). %%EOF The melon fly is considered an important agri-cultural pest affecting a variety of cultivated fruit and vegetable plants. endstream endobj startxref The melon fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett), is a perennial pest of cultivated and feral bitter melon, Momordica charantia L., and a wide variety of other cucurbitaceous crops (Harris and Lee, 1989).In the absence of vegetables, B. cucurbitae occasionally infests less preferred fruit hosts such as papaya, Carica papaya L. (Liquido, 1991). As Lhis charac­ Bactrocera cucurbitae infests fruits and vegetables of a number of different plant species, with many host plants in the plant family Cucurbitaceae, but with additional hosts … h�b```�Iv!ʰ !G�"����1 The , medflv is now thriving in the upper elevations and in lower elevation coffee fields . It is mainly polyphagous, but oligopha-gous populations have been found in Thailand, Malaysia and France (Reunion Island, Indian Ocean) [25–28]. .``H��ʸ�v� i.0��y2n�mV�:!��;�u�@���@���Am/�1���@ڀ�%@� �� Melon flies have a wide range of hosts in the Cucurbitaceae family. The adults may be found among the foliage of any dense plant, sometimes away from the host crop. Melon fly is also able to infest flowers, fleshy leaves and stems of some cucurbits, so for the following genera and species, those plant parts are also regulated: Benincasa hispida, The Mediterranean fruit fly (medfly) moved away from most of the lowlands when the oriental fruit fly arrived in 1945. Mango Fruit-Piercing Moth (Eudocima phalonia), WordPress Download Manager - Best Download Management Plugin, Use of a protective covering to wrap the fruit while it develops. Bactrocera cucurbitae infests fruits and vegetables of a number of different plant species, with many host plants in the plant family Cucurbitaceae, but with additional hosts scattered across many other plant families. It seems that its preferred host is the weedy bitter melon (Momordica charantia L.) (Harris and Lee, 1989). When the ecological conditions are not favourable, the insects hide and huddle together under dried leaves of bushes, trees etc., or in shaded areas. This pest can be controlled using a number of methods. As the name implies, it oviposits mainly in fruits of the Cucurbitaceae (White and Elson-Harris, 1992). doi: 10.1093/jee/61.1.339 NAPPO, 2010. Let us know if you liked the post. Melon flies are strong fliers and remain active all year round on the host. Earlier host listings for B. cucurbitae had included other Moraceae species, such as Ficus carica L.45,46 and F. chartacea,43,44 but we are unaware that the two Ficus species reported here as melon fly hosts have previously been listed as B. cucurbitae hosts outside of the Okinawa publications related to the melon fly eradication program. Newly recognized hosts of the oriental fruit fly, melon fly, and Mediterranean fruit fly. Previous confusion in botanical and entomological literature concerning the names of certain wild hosts of the melon fly, Dacus cucurbitae Coquillett, in Hawaii is discussed, and names currently accepted as correct are provided. endstream endobj 741 0 obj <>/Metadata 20 0 R/Pages 738 0 R/StructTreeRoot 33 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 742 0 obj <>/MediaBox[0 0 612 792]/Parent 738 0 R/Resources<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI]>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Tabs/S/Type/Page>> endobj 743 0 obj <>stream certain wild hosts ofthe melon fly, Dacus cucurbitae Coquillett, in Hawaii is discussed, and names currently accepted as correct are provided. Always read the label and product information before use. Out of the total number of host plant taxa covered by the 11 tephritid fruit fly species, 56% of the plant taxa are hosts of oriental fruit fly, 42% are hosts of Mediterranean fruit fly and 16% are hosts of melon fly… However, the use of chemicals (insecticides) has proved to be the most effective method. 740 0 obj <> endobj They are major pests of beans, bitter melon, wax gourd, cucumbers, edible gourds, eggplant, green beans, hyotan, luffa, melons, peppers, pumpkins, squashes, togan, tomatoes, watermelon, and zucchini. The use of toxic protein bait sprays to suppress melon fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) (Diptera: Tephritidae), populations typically involves application to vegetation bordering agricultural host areas where the adults seek shelter ("roost"). These maggots tunnel through the flesh of the fruit or any other plant part, where the eggs were laid. S. Nakagawa, G. J. Farias, T. Urago; Newly Recognized Hosts of the Oriental Fruit Fly, Melon Fly, and Mediterranean Fruit Fly1, Journal of Economic Entomology, The adult melon fly is approximately the size of a house fly, about 6 to 8 mm long.Worldwide, over 80 different kinds of fruits and vegetables are recorded as hosts. ... (melon fly hosts). Journal of Economic Entomology, 61(1), 339-340 pp. While there, these maggots feed inside the fruit. The incidence and host range of the melon fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae, was studied in the Morogoro Region of Central Tanzania between October 2004 and October 2006.Occurrence was limited to low to medium altitude locations. That’s the only way we can improve. Within 2-4 days, they hatch into larvae, usually maggots, which are very active. that melon fly had a defined behavior – Males & females “roost” on certain species of plants nearby or far away from crop hosts – We can take advantage of this by creating a system of trap plantings nearby crops • McQuate showed that Sudex and Castor oil plant were good “roosting” hosts The melon fly, by contrast, has a narrower host range that may lead to periods that hosts may be unavailable. Melon Fly Bactrocera cucurbitae be extruded. Bactrocera cucurbitae, Melon Fly Host List, 2016 The berries, fruits, nuts or vegetables of the listed plant species are now considered host articles for melon fly. WordPress Download Manager - Best Download Management Plugin. Unless proven otherwise, all cultivars, varieties, and hybrids of the plant species listed herein are considered suitable hosts of C. capitata. 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