If necessary, you can work in perlite or small pebbles to allow water to flow better. This project is funded under an agreement with the state of Tennessee. Water the plant uniformly and allow it to drain. The plant blooms once every year from July to August, depending on the variety grown, making an attractive houseplant. The care and maintenance of the different varieties of yucca plant may vary slightly based on what region they are growing in. The red yucca grows well in USDA zones 6 – 11. "Cactus and Succulents" forum covers a lot of plants but since … Dwarf Citrus: Caring for Dwarf Lemon, Orange, Lime, and More Trees, 25 Desert Plants (With Pictures and Names), Clusia Plant: How to Care for Clusia Hedge (Clusia Rosea & Clusia Guttifera), Peat Moss (Sphagnum Peat Moss): Uses in Garden Soil, Benefits and More, Types of Yucca Plants (With Pictures) – Identification Guide, Yucca Elephantipes (Spineless Yucca): Complete Care Guide. Flower stalks rise from the center of the plant and can grow up to 12 ft. (3.6 m) tall. If the top of a yucca tree becomes too heavy with clusters of leaves that make it bend down, you can just cut the trunk halfway down. Excess watering can lead to yellow leaves with brown tips, dead leaves, and root rot. The small sharp-leafed yucca plant thrives in arid conditions. Remove the plant slowly from the old pot and detangle the roots carefully with your fingers. The sharp, stiff foliage is a yellowish-green or bluish-green color. Yucca plants have incredibly architectural forms with straight, spiny leaves radiating out from a single point. The rigid, sharp leaves grow in a rosette pattern and can grow to between 2 and 4 ft. (0.6 – 1.2 m) tall. The Yucca brevifolia ‘Blue’ is the Blue Joshua tree—a rare type of yucca tree with blue leaves. You’ll also notice that the foliage grows in a rosette form and has the distinctive curly threads in the leaves that become pink and rose-colored in the winter. This yucca species Yucca aloifolia thrives in USDA zones 7 – 11. However, offsets from the mother plant usually grow in its place. During the growing season (spring and summer), adding about an inch of water every week would be enough. Tall flowering panicles up to 5 ft. (1.5 m) rise from the middle of the plant when it blooms. The short, spiky shrub is related to the next plant on this list of popular yuccas—the Mojave yucca. Produces green- and gold-striped foliage and showy stalks with white flowers that bloom spring to summer. In winter, water well when the topsoil layer appears dry. Species of yucca plants are toxic to cats and dogs. Sedum, Ceratostigma, Coreopsis and many types of grass provide an excellent contrast with the spiky leaves and bristles of the Yucca plant. Yucca rupicola is characterized by its twisting leaves and low growth. This palm-like yucca plant also grows well indoors as a tropical plant. Yucca is a genus of perennial shrubs and trees in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Agavoideae. Bigger varieties are planted outdoors whilst smaller ones can occupy spaces indoors.Grow in indirect light close to a South facing window (1.5 m, 5 feet distance).If you have an East facing window then place them on the window shelf so that they get the morning light. Densely growing spiky leaves form crowns on multiple stems. In garden landscapes, yucca plants grow as ornamental shrubs and will occasionally flower. Leaf or blight spot is another common bacterial disease characterized by dark lesions on the leaves. Yucca Plant: Care and Maintenance (Indoor and Outdoor) Yucca is a genus of highly drought-tolerant evergreen perennials that grow either as shrubs or small trees, requiring minimum … Follow the right watering schedule to prevent it from occurring. Adams needle yucca (Yucca filamentosa) is a plant in the agave family that is native to the Southeastern United States. This yucca variety usually grows in stemless clumps between 1 and 3 ft. (0.3 – 1 m) tall. The Yucca rostrata shouldn’t be confused with the Mexican blue yucca (Yucca rigida). This is not a real species of yucca, and this bushy shrub has spineless leaves that grow in a rosette shape. Yucca Plants Yucca plants with advancing age can grow into trees and some specimens have been dated to grow to more than one thousand years old in the arid deserts of the Western United States … This article describes some of the most popular yucca plants for growing outdoors or indoors. The crown of foliage is a round pom-pom shape that contains hundreds of sharp thin blades that are 2 ft. (0.6 m) long. There are nearly 50 species of yucca trees and shrubs. For example, Adam’s Needle, Dagger Plant, Spanish Bayonet, Aloe Yucca, Needle Palm, and Narrowleaf Yucca are all common names for species of the yucca plant. Eases arthritis pain. One of the differences between the banana yucca and other yucca species is that its flower stalks don’t grow as tall. The ‘Bright Star’ yucca tolerates full sun and thrives in sandy, well-draining soil. Color guard yucca feature shrub is ideal as an accent plant. Yucca whipplei is a trunkless cold hardy yucca with blue-green leaves and very tall flower stalk. A native of arid regions, yucca has minimum water requirements. They are native to the hot and dry (arid) parts of the Americas and the Caribbean. The banana yucca plant is a perennial evergreen shrub that is native to arid deserts in the U.S. and Mexico. The Spanish bayonet multi-stemmed yucca plant is one of the most ornamental of the yucca species. These are arid-loving, rosette-shaped flowering plants that consist of primarily lanceolate leaf blades with very sharp leaf tips. Feed your plant with a low-nitrogen balanced fertilizer at 1/2 strength, containing all the essential nutrients like calcium, magnesium, sulfur, zinc, iron, and manganese, once every month during spring and summer. The banana yucca grows in zones 4a – 9a. Yucca constricta doesn’t usually have a trunk and sometimes grows in clumps. Adam’s needle is a variety of flowering yucca that produces a dramatic tall stalk. So, if you can wait till the clump is dry enough, you can just pull the whole rosette off without disturbing the rest of the plant or any new growths. The lanceolate leaves are up to 2 ft. (0.6 m) long and start to twist as they mature. Yucca Plant: Care and Maintenance (Indoor and Outdoor). Yucca is a great drought-resistant addition to any Nashville landscape. The sharp, spine-tipped foliage forms a clump up to 3 ft. (1 m) wide. As its name suggests, the leaves are long and sword-like. Many species of yucca plants are ideal ornamental plants for garden landscapes. Stunning cultivars of this yucca are the ‘Garland Gold’ or ‘Golden Sword’ with a rosette growth of spectacular yellow and green leaves. Buckley’s yucca plant is an evergreen perennial shrub that thrives in rocky, sandy soil in hot deserts. Yuccas can be identified by their distinctive sword-like spiky leaves and their white or whitish flowers growing on stems. Continue reading for more Adams needle information, as well as tips on growing Adams needle yucca plants. It’s not just the leaf shape that looks like a sword—the stiff evergreen blades also have sharp serration along the margins and a sharp pointed tip. During summer, Adam’s needle yucca produces a large cluster of bell-shaped creamy-white flowers. Grow this spectacular yucca as an accent plant in an ornamental garden. Looking up close, you’ll also see thread-like filaments growing among the foliage. Only growing to 3 ft. (1 m) tall, the Yucca baccata has long thin spiked leaves that are between 1 and 3 ft. (0.3 – 1 m) long. Yuccas are no relation to yucas (one ‘c’), although they are quite often, understandably, confused. This is an Agave-like plant that, in general, has more cold tolerance than most Agaves, though there are some cold intolerant species (and a few fairly cold tolerant Agaves as well). Spider Plant Chlorophytum comosum Swedish Ivy Plectranthus australis Wandering Jew (leaf) all Tradescantia species Yucca all Yucca species Zebra Plant Zebrina pendula Zinnia Sanvitalia. However, its slow growth means that this tall indoor plant takes many years to reach that height. Banana yucca gets its name from its banana-shaped fruit. The small sharp-leafed yucca plant thrives in arid conditions. Thrives in areas that receive full … Keep the plant in a shaded area for about two weeks to allow it to adjust to the new container before placing in sunlight. Ideal as a garden border shrub where its sharp leaves will deter animals and intruders. Yucca shrubs and trees thrive in dry sandy soil and plenty of sunshine. But due to their sharp leaves, it’s best to plant them away from areas where people or pets frequent. Water the plant properly at the base and allow it to dry between watering sessions. One spectacular feature of yuccas is the large cluster of flowers they produce. Yuca, also commonly known as Cassava, is a plant with edible, starchy tubers/roots that tapioca and cassava flour are made from. The low-growing evergreen shrub only grows up to 2 ft. (60 cm) tall with a spread of up to 5 ft. (1.5 m). The yucca tree compliments other tropical trees and is ideal for growing in arid landscapes in coastal regions. Its 40–50 species are notable for their rosettes of evergreen, tough, sword-shaped leaves and large terminal panicles of white or whitish flowers. Growing to 3 m (10 ft) tall, it is an evergreen shrub valued in … Spineless or stick yuccas are ideal for growing indoors as they have soft broad leaves without sharp spines. Excessive application of high nitrogen-containing fertilizers can result in browning and burning of leaves. Yucca gloriosa has several cultivars such as ‘Variegata’ and ‘Bright Star’. Here are some common types of yucca plants to enhance your garden landscape. Therefore, it is advisable to keep the plant away from the reach of your pets. As far as houseplants go, yucca probably eclipsed by the similar-looking Dracaena genus, which is often mistaken for yucca. It grows to about 8 ft. tall (2.5 m), and its panicle has white flowers which sometimes have purple-red hue. When the temperature drops, the leaves take on a light reddish-pink hue. The bluish leaves are rigid and sharp, with piercing serrated edges. Twisted yucca is also named Texas yucca, rock yucca, and twisted-leaf yucca. Unlike its cousin, the banana yucca shrub, the Mojave yucca is a type of tree that grows to 16 ft. (5 m). This cluster sits proudly on the top of a 5-ft. (1.5 m) high flowering stem. As a houseplant, the Yucca elephantipes (spineless yucca / stick yucca) grows in pots in bright sunlight and average room temperatures. Yucca Elephantipes can be grown indoors as a houseplant as its leaves are not sharp, One of the tallest yucca trees is the spineless yucca. A large cluster of whitish flowers emerges on a long stalk in the middle of June. Yucca gloriosa ‘Bright Star’ is attractive ornamental shrub that has brightly-colored green leaves with yellow margins. It’s a cold-hardy type of plant and grows in USDA zones 5 – 11 and withstands temperatures as low as -10°F (-23°C). Required fields are marked *, Get email updates about what's new for gardeners this season. Before pruning outdoor yuccas, put on protective gloves and goggles to protect yourself from the sharp blades and spikes. Yucca plant bugs Location: North Middle Tennessee October 13, 2010 5:22 pm Hi Daniel, I ran across these little fellows this afternoon. Yucca is a genus of highly drought-tolerant evergreen perennials that grow either as shrubs or small trees, requiring minimum care. Also named the common yucca, Adam’s needle and thread yucca is a popular evergreen landscape plant. This yucca-like plant gets its name from the way the bluish-green leaves turn reddish-bronze in cold weather. Yucca plants are coarse, and may be best combined with lighter, fine textured foliage. It is also able to withstand temperatures as cold as 10 F. (-12 C.), so you can grow a yucca plant … many as 40 species of trees and shrubs found mostly in arid portions of North America Over time, most species of yucca will grow into room-devouring monsters, but this takes long enough that they provide years of durabl… It grows best in bright indirect sunlight but can survive in full-shade/lower light conditions as well. Exposing all the sides of the plant to the required amount of light will reverse the problem and ensure a uniform and healthy growth. Choose a new container that’s a bit larger than the older one and fill about 1/3. Compact clumps of spiky sharp dark-green leaves crown each of the branches. Spraying light alcohol solution or insecticide over the affected areas could be useful. The cold-hardy yucca thrives in USDA zones 4 – 8. Joshua trees grow to about 49 ft. (15 m) tall, and their roots can reach down to 36 ft. (11 m) to search for moisture. Common names of yucca plants often refer to the type of foliage that grows on the woody stems. As the yucca plant matures, its thick gray stem begins to resemble an elephant’s foot—hence the botanical name ‘elephantipes.’. Another name for this yucca tree is the ‘Sonoran Blue.’, Yucca glauca is a small type of yucca plant identified by narrow leaves and round growth habit. The yucca plant is a tough perennial succulent that can grow as a shrub or a tree, depending on the species. Botanically speaking, the species is related to Yucca filamentosa. Lack of sunlight can cause the leaves to become outstretched and leggy, especially when the plant is grown indoors. This will lead to new, bushier leaf-growth that will allow the tree to have better balance. This yucca tree grows between 6 and 15 ft. (1.8 – 4.5 m) tall. The yucca shrub has long sword-shaped green leaves that grow up to 3 ft. (1 m) tall. When the soapweed yucca plant blooms, it produces pale green-white flowers on the end of a flowering stem that is 3 ft. (1 m) tall. Also called the Spanish dagger, the tall yucca shrub-like tree grows to between 5 and 10 ft. (1.5 – 3 m). Along with their scientific name and descriptions, pictures of yucca plant varieties will help identify them. Joshua tree is a type of yucca commonly found in Mojave Desert. After blooming with whitish flowers, banana-shaped fruits appear. Yucca filamentosa, Adam’s needle and thread, is a species of flowering plant in the family Asparagaceae native to the southeastern United States. While the many species of yucca vary in size and color, they are all able to thrive in hot, dry climates and can be cared for in the same way. The ‘Our Lord’s Candle’ yucca thrives in USDA zones 7 – 9 and is cold hardy down to 10°F (-12°C). The striking feature of this yucca plant is the stunning flower stalk. Application of copper fungicide or neem oil may help in removing the spores from the leaves. Yucca plants (shrubs variety) can be grown both indoors and out. Some yucca plants can look like trees because their leaves grow on thick cane stems. An identifying feature of Adam’s needle and thread yucca plants are the thin filaments in their foliage. Yucca plants are famed for their large, spiky leaves growing on the top of long, thick woody stems. The common name 'soapweed' comes from the saponins contained in the roots of … Its twisting sword-shaped leaves are bright green to dark green. If you are using a tray underneath the container, empty it from time to time to avoid excessive accumulation of standing water. The genus includes 40-50  perennial trees and shrubs, with the most popular varieties mentioned below: Red leathery leaves with tubular flowers and pink stalks, Tree-like structure with bayonet-shaped leaves and gray-brown trunk, Multi-branched with bluish green leaves and white cluster flowers, Stiff and leathery green leaves with bell-shaped white flowers, Small tree with multiple trunks, sword-shaped blue-green leaves, and white flowers, Sparsely branched with sharp-pointed leaves and bell-shaped white/purple-tinged flowers, Tree-like or shrub-like with yellow-green or blue-green leaves and pale yellow-green flowers, Powdery blue leaves with a white cluster of bell-shaped flowers, Multi-trunked with bell-shaped ivory flowers, Single-stemmed with creamy-yellow leaves and flowers, Long flower spikes with large white flowers, Twisted grayish leaves with pendant-like white or greenish flowers. The beaked yucca is a spectacular single-stemmed yucca tree with a stunning spray of bluish-green leaves radiating from the trunk’s top. Place it into the new pot at the same soil depth as before and add the remaining potting mix around the roots. Cville_Gardener Clarksville, TN(Zone 6b) Aug 01, 2010 Hi -- I'm new to the site and to the zone in which I'm now gardening (6b). The Yucca ‘Color Guard’ is a spectacular type of Yucca filamentosa. Also called the thready yucca, the shrub has stiff, sword-shaped leaves that have bluish-green to gray-green color. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Your email address will not be published. Fungi like Cercospora, Coniothyrium, and Cylindrosporium often affect the plant due to overwatering, causing fading of the leaves. Yucca plants are originally from the drier areas of Central and North America. There are over 40 different species of the yucca plant (sometimes called a yucca tree), but all have the same large, spiky leaves and white flowers. Right image: Yucca aloifolia ‘Variegata’. Native Americans have long used yucca for relief from arthritis symptoms, and … They are, however, interesting and slow-growing houseplants that have the added benefit of being extremely drought tolerant. The low-growing desert shrub grows about 2 ft. (0.6 m) tall and wide. Some 4,000 annuals, perennials, herbs, tropical plants… So, when replacing an indoor yucca plant to an outdoor location, do it gradually over the course of a week so the plant gets a little time to adjust. There should be no stub sticking above the leaves. They all form a rosette of deer-resistant leaves that may be green, yellow, blue or variegated. How to prune yucca plants: Prune dead, brown leaves. It rarely needs any watering in the rainy seasons. Buckley’s yucca is ideal for landscapes that have poor, infertile soil. The weak-leaf yucca has leaves that tend to droop or bend over. Yuccas have foliage ranging in color from green to bluish-green. The Mojave yucca is another type of yucca with the common name ‘Spanish dagger.’ As its name suggests, the yucca plant is native to the Mojave Desert and has dangerously sharp leaves. You should still take care if you have pets in your garden. Since the plant is top heavy with low watering needs, it requires a well-drained soil that should be heavy enough to keep it in an upright position. The Mojave yucca plant looks like a medium-sized tree with spiked green crowns. Today, the plant is used primarily as an ornamental in the garden. You can do the trimming once your plant blooms unless you want to collect the seeds for a new plant. Reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited. As with most species of flowering yuccas, a flowering stalk up to 5 ft. (1.5 m) emerges from the plant, producing clusters of white, bell-shaped drooping flowers. The red yucca plant can be identified by its grass like leaves and pinkish flowers that grow on tall narrow spikes. The former slowly dissolves in the soil and release the nutrients to the plant’s roots, while the latter readily supply the nutrients to the plant, promoting faster growth. In the garden landscape, the hardy yucca plant grows up to 30 ft. (9 m) high. If you want to grow the plant in your garden or lawn without containers, make sure it is planted in sandy, dry, and gritty soil instead of some rich and highly fertile soil. As an indoor plant, spineless yuccas only grow to about 5 ft. (1.5 m) high. Follow the appropriate fertilizing schedule to prevent it. Though yucca is a hardy plant, lack of appropriate care can make it susceptible to a host of pest attacks and growth issues. Water the plant thoroughly the day before transferring the plant. The Yucca rigida isn’t as cold-hardy as the beaked yucca, and it has stiffer leaves. Similar to yucca plants, the red yucca (Hesperaloe parviflora) produces dainty bell-shaped red or dark pink flowers on the end of tall, 5-ft. (1.5 m) stems. The specific leaf-clump that grows the bloom stalk gradually dies, making way for new growth. Because the leaves are spineless—unlike most yucca species—they won’t cause any injury to humans or animals. Ideal for growing in USDA zones 5 – 10. The crowning glory of the yucca is its mass of scented creamy-white flowers. You can identify Yucca filamentosa by its white filaments along the leaf margins. Some yucca varieties have yellow or white variegation. Another common name for this yucca shrub is Adam’s needle. When the yucca produces flowers, it’s has a mass of bell-shaped white flowers on the end of long stems. Recognized in 2013 as the official botanical gardens of the state of Tennessee, the University of Tennessee Gardens located in Knoxville, Jackson and Crossvil le are part of the UT Institute of Agriculture. 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