"Worship Him all ye gods" ("gods," that is, exalted beings, as angels), refers to God; but it was universally admitted among the Hebrews that God would dwell, in a peculiar sense, in Messiah (so as to be in the Talmud phrase, "capable of being pointed to with the finger"); and so what was said of God was true of, and to be fulfilled in, Messiah. Quotation from Psalms 110:1 . The Old Testament revelations were fragmentary in substance, and manifold in form; the very multitude of prophets shows that they prophesied only in part. Like a cloak You will fold them up, and they will be changed: This shows that Jesus Christ, the Second Person of the Trinity is sovereign, with authority over all creation and history, even as Psalm 102:25-27 says this of Yahweh. International Bible Lesson Commentary . 9. His love is so great that He sends powerful creatures to minister to us in ways that we are not even aware of at times. Outline: I. Christ is God’s revelation to the world (1-4) II. Many Jews had a superstitious or idolatrous respect for angels, because they had received the law and other tidings of the Divine will by their ministry. No one explained it to him, but after a while he got the idea: good manners said it was wrong for a subject to have such a relaxed attitude in the presence of their Queen. Hebrews—Commentaries. You can check these in your browser security settings. Israel, in the Babylonian captivity, in the hundred second Psalm, casts her hopes of deliverance on Messiah, the unchanging covenant God of Israel. “Your throne, O God, is forever and ever; THE HIGHEST OF ALL REVELATIONS IS GIVEN US NOW IN THE SON OF GOD, WHO IS GREATER THAN THE ANGELS, AND WHO, HAVING COMPLETED REDEMPTION, SITS ENTHRONED AT GOD'S RIGHT HAND. Commentary Part I, Chapters 1-9 HEBREWS IVP New Testament Commentary Series. Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. 1. d. You, LORD, in the beginning: Psalm 102:25-27 shows that the Son is not only called God, but also LORD (Yahweh). Proud member c. But to which of the angels has He ever said: “Sit at My right hand.” The angels are not permitted to relax before God. Word Biblical Commentary Vol. . You are free to opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to get a better experience. IV. Click on the different category headings to find out more. God ruled the theocracy in and through Him. They could not take … the antitype to Solomon, son of David. A Bible Study in EasyEnglish (2800 word vocabulary) on the Book of Hebrews. The writer, though not inscribing his name, was well known to those addressed ( Hebrews 13:19 ). However, the content of the book, including the frequent references to the Hebrew Scriptures, makes it clear that he was writing to Jewish Christians who were sorely tempted to leave the Christian church and revert to Jewish worship. God, having of old time spoken unto the fathers in the prophets by divers portions and in divers manners. There is a story about a man named Lear who was hired to give Queen Victoria art lessons. by--Greek, "in." ii. Thus He is antitype to Solomon, "chosen of all David's many sons to sit upon the throne of the kingdom of the Lord over Israel," even as His father David was chosen before all the house of his father's sons. . Paul shows that His humbled form (at which the Jews might stumble) is no objection to His divine Messiahship. in divers manners--for example, internal suggestions, audible voices, the Urim and Thummim, dreams, and visions. Matthew Henry (18 October 1662 – 22 June 1714) was an English commentator on the Bible, who published his works in 1706, (six-volume Exposition of the Old and New Testaments (1708–1710) or Complete Commentary), provides an exhaustive verse by verse study of the Bible, covering the whole of the Old Testament, and the Gospels and Acts in the New Testament. The covenant of the possession of the earth was renewed with Noah and his seed on the renovated earth. The same in nature, therefore in covenant faithfulness to Thy people. better--by His exaltation by the Father ( Hebrews 1:3 Hebrews 1:13 ):in contrast to His being "made lower than the angels" ( Hebrews 2:9 ). “God, Your God” speaks of the Father and His position of authority over the Second Person of the Trinity. when Thou hast ransomed and opened heaven to Thy people. Paul, Barnabas, Silas, Peter, Apollos, and others have been proposed. A mortal king speaks by his ambassador, not (as the King of kings) in his ambassador. The "I" in Greek is emphatic; I the Everlasting Father have begotten Thee this day, that is, on this day, the day of Thy being manifested as My Son, "the first-begotten of the dead" ( Colossians 1:18 , Revelation 1:5 ). As the first begotten, He is heir of the universe ( Hebrews 1:6 ), which He made instrumentally, Hebrews 11:3 , where "by the Word of God" answers to "by whom"' (the Son of God) here ( John 1:3 ). The composition of the community to whom the author writes is … a. It means that the Father and the Son share the same being. This passage of the Septuagint may have been in Paul's mind as to the form, but the substance is taken from Psalms 97:7 . iii. thy God--JEROME, AUGUSTINE, and others translate Psalms 45:7 , "O God, Thy God, hath anointed thee," whereby Christ is addressed as God. But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site. The Son is the last and highest manifestation of God ( Matthew 21:34 Matthew 21:37 ); not merely a measure, as in the prophets, but the fulness of the Spirit of God dwelling in Him bodily ( John 1:16 , 3:34 , Colossians 2:9 ). One ancient Rabbi wrote, “God said, ‘As I made Jacob a first-born (Exodus 4:22), so also will I make king Messiah a first-born (Psalm 89:28).’“ (R. Nathan in Shemoth Rabba, cited in Lightfoot). Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. In a more distant and perfect sense, it is fulfilled in the Son of David, Jesus Christ. Otherwise you will be prompted again when opening a new browser window or new a tab. Background of the Book. Click to enable/disable Google Analytics tracking. The Hebrews believe that the law from God came by *angels. The promise to Abraham that he should be heir of the world had its fulfilment, and will have it still more fully, in Christ ( Romans 4:13 , Galatians 3:16 , 4:7 ). KIMCHI says that the ninety-third through the hundred first Psalms contain in them the mystery of Messiah. express image--"impress." Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. This is the only New Testament book which we don’t know the author of. b. And--Greek, "But." The Epistle to the Hebrews. As "being" ( Hebrews 1:3 ) expresses His essential being so "being made" ( Hebrews 7:26 ) marks what He became in His assumed manhood ( Philippians 2:6-9 ). And they will all grow old like a garment; For when has one seen light without effulgence?" i. Comfort, Philip Wesley. iniquity--"unnrighteousness." First, In creating the world (Hebrews 1:10): And thou, Lord, in the beginning hast laid the foundation of the earth, and the heavens are the work of thy hands. Hebrews 1:1-2 Commentary. The angels worship Him; He does not worship among them. Literally, "ages" with all things and persons belonging to them; the universe, including all space and ages of time, and all material and spiritual existences. 2. Due to security reasons we are not able to show or modify cookies from other domains. Understanding how Jesus is better than the angels helps us to understand how He is better than anyone or anything in our life. 1. for ever . “I will be to Him a Father, Very highly recommended. Of all the commentaries on Hebrews that I have looked at and used, I have found the two-volume set by William Lane to be the one I turn to first. . The ardor of Spirit in this Epistle, as in First John, bursting forth at once into the subject (without prefatory inscription of name and greeting), the more effectively strikes the hearers. The anointing here meant is not that at His baptism, when He solemnly entered on His ministry for us; but that with the "oil of gladness," or "exulting joy" (which denotes a triumph, and follows as the consequence of His manifested love of righteousness and hatred of iniquity), wherewith, after His triumphant completion of His work, He has been anointed by the Father above His fellows (not only above us, His fellow men, the adopted members of God's family. (2.) We may request cookies to be set on your device. You are My Son: Psalm 2:7 shows that God the Father called Jesus, “Son” – the more excellent name of Hebrews 1:4. 13. God . "Perish" does not mean annihilation; just as it did not mean so in the case of "the world that being overflowed with water, perished" under Noah ( 2 Peter 3:6 ). Changes will take effect once you reload the page. Fulfilled at the resurrection of Jesus, whereby the Father "declared," that is, made manifest His divine Sonship, heretofore veiled by His humiliation ( Acts 13:33 , Romans 1:4 ). brightness of his glory--Greek, the effulgence of His glory. Comparing Hebrews 1:2 and 1:14, “It is particularly noteworthy, as bearing on the main theme of the Epistle, that both Christ and Christians are described as heirs.” (Thomas), ©2018 David Guzik – No distribution beyond personal use without permission. ministers." What the angels are as to their office: they are ministering spirits. See all formats and editions Hide other formats and editions. therefore--because God loves righteousness and hates iniquity. angels were designed by God to be subject to Him. as . The Spirit, by Paul, treats the Hebrew of the Old Testament, with independence of handling, presenting the divine truth in various aspects; sometimes as here sanctioning the Septuagint (compare Isaiah 34:4 , Revelation 6:14 ); sometimes the Hebrew; sometimes varying from both. i. Thus it was necessary that the apostle should insist, not only on … Hebrews 1:1-14 (Hebrews 1:1) God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets, The heavens declare the glory of God without words (see Psalm 19). heavens--plural: not merely one, but manifold, and including various orders of heavenly intelligences ( Ephesians 4:10 ). Being made . Since the firstborn son was “first in line” and received the position of favor and honor, the title “firstborn” could indicate that someone was of the highest position and honor. fold them up--So the Septuagint, Psalms 102:26 ; but the Hebrew, "change them." Salem Media Group. Lesser things, if allowed more focus, take a bigger place than the greater and more important things. The Deity Of Christ Part 1 Series Contributed by Stephen Smith on Nov 3, 2020 | 952 views. N.T. "His majesty is set forth: (1) Absolutely by the very name "Son," and by three glorious predicates, "whom He hath appointed," "by whom He made the worlds," "who sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high;" thus His course is described from the beginning of all things till he reached the goal ( Hebrews 1:2 Hebrews 1:3 ). Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer. "In one way He was seen by Abraham, in another by Moses, in another by Elias, and in another by Micah; Isaiah, Daniel, and Ezekiel, beheld different forms" [THEODORET]. His being made heir follows His sonship, and preceded His making the worlds ( Proverbs 8:22 Proverbs 8:23 , Ephesians 3:11 ). in the beginning--English Version, Psalms 102:25 , "of old": Hebrew, "before," "aforetime." This is probably the true translation of the Hebrew there, and also of the Greek of Hebrews here; for it is likely the Son is addressed, "O God," as in Hebrews 1:8 . We fully respect if you want to refuse cookies but to avoid asking you again and again kindly allow us to store a cookie for that. The sin and danger of unbelief Wycliffe Associates ( UK ) enter your email address with! Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon THEOPHYLACT ] for usage... Is so senseless as to doubt concerning the eternal being of the possession of the Son God! ( 1-2a ) Jesus brought a revelation superior to the Hebrews Commentary by A. R. FAUSSET 1! Essential nature between the Father was principally intended '' [ BENGEL ] Greek.! 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