Ancient Romans made world’s ‘most durable’ concrete. Image Credit: o0bg The invention of concrete can be termed as one of the greatest ancient Roman inventions to have metamorphosed modern day living. But once we rediscovered it, we … That’s why the concrete was resistant to chemical decay. Now engineers are beginning to understand why ancient Roman concrete was so revolutionary. They had a different formula, which resulted in a … The team reproduced the Roman concrete recipe, allowed it to harden for 180 days, and then examined it using X-Rays. The ancient Romans liked to mix the volcanic rocks (called tuff) and cement. Without concrete, we cannot think of building anything. Some Roman buildings are so spectacular in their construction and beauty that modern builders would never attempt something similar, even with today’s technology. Moreover, the compound was different from the one we have today – thus, making it super stable. It was used to build monuments, large buildings and infrastructure such as roads and bridges. Roman concrete (opus caementicium), like modern concrete, is an artificial building material composed of an aggregate, a binding agent, and water. Ancient Romans built concrete sea walls that have withstood pounding ocean waves for more than 2,000 years. Roman concrete Roman concrete called opus caementicium in Latin was used from the late Roman Republic until the end of the Roman Empire. We might use it to stop rising seas. Our existence till today has depended on using concrete to construct buildings, dams, bridges, forts and other constructions. Concrete is one of those technologies that was used for centuries—in this case, by the Romans—and then had to be invented again centuries later. The Romans started making concrete more than 2,000 years ago, but it wasn’t quite like today’s concrete. Ancient Rome’s concrete recipe is an impressive feat in architectural history. The concrete type they have been studying had been submerged for 2000 years in Mediterranean. ... How the Ancient Romans Made Better Concrete Than We Do Now. Aggregate is essentially a filler, such as gravel, chunks of stone and rubble, broken bricks, etc. “You could also argue that the original structures were built so well that, once they were in place, they didn’t need to be replaced.” An earth-friendly alternative Famous Roman structures such as the Pantheon, the Colosseum, the aqueducts, and the Roman Baths still stand proud today. Drilling at a marine structure in Portus Cosanus, Tuscany, in 2003. So why did the use of Roman concrete decrease? The modern cement used today has a life of 80 years, but Roman concrete seems ageless. Portland cement, in use … “As the Roman Empire declined, and shipping declined, the need for the seawater concrete declined,” said Jackson. Roman concrete was used for construction during the late Roman Republic until the fall of the Roman Empire. 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